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China General information

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China General information

China is the third largest country in the world after Russia and Canada. It has one fifth of the world population and over 1.2 billion of people. Han and other 55 minorities Chinese have been living in China for over 5000 years.

Chinese contributes great deal to the mankind with the invention of paper, printing, powder and compass in the early days. In the last 100 years, the governments of British, Europeans, America, Russians and Japanese had done a lot of harmful things to Chinese. After China's loss of Opium War to British in 1884, all the world powers gang together attempting to slice up China. Chinese had to suffer 80 years of internal turbulence, continuous civil war, foreign interference and Japanese invasion until a communist state, People's Republic of China, was established on October 1, 1949.

Communist China went through many hurdles, reforms, hardships and difficulties in the first 30 years of its establishment. These may include the land reform, Anti-corruption movements, Hundred Flowers Brooms, Great Leap Forward, Culture Revolution and etc. Soviet tried to control China in one hand and in another hand, America, together with Europeans and Japanese, has been trying to block Communist China since its early establishment.

Communist China did make mistakes in the past. But one thing for sure, this government makes all Chinese proud of being Chinese. China can stand up again. Chinese learned from the past history how the major powers play in the world stage. China has every reason to be cautious not to fall into the same trap again.

China started the economic reform with open door policy in late 70. Since then, China has set the stages of rapid economic growth with continuous experimentation and multi-staged market reform. Although China today is still a poor country, Chinese believe that the economic booming will continue for some time in its own pace.

Politically the West and Japan led by America continuously use Human Right, Democracy, Tibet, Taiwan etc. to against China. Notwithstanding the skepticism and interference, China forged ahead to take back Hong Kong from British on July 1, 1997 and Macao December 20, 1999. Japan is the only country today that still occupies Chinese land and not willing to give it back to China.

Taiwan is being governed by the Republican, which retreated to Taiwan from Mainland China in 1949. Taiwan and Tibet are both belonged to China ever since ancient time, long before America's 200 years of history. Thus any international movement of Taiwan or Tibet independence is not against the government in power. It is against Chinese as a whole. It will fail as the history has proved many times.

Chinese is peaceful, humble and non-invasive The nation has survived for 5000 years and the unique culture, rich heritages in arts, medicine, religions and philosophies have attracted a lot of the attentions. It is a fundamental mistake to label China as a communist state. China is China, a state cultivated by Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism. To understand China, it will be better to know Chinese history and philosophies, (Chinese People-philosophies & Religions). Travel to China and see it with your own eyes (Scenery and Travel).

This site will provide you most of the information about China's past history and today. If you are interested in arts and antiques, there are plenty information for you (Art & Sport). For business, opportunities and information are provided for your reference (Business). If you are concerned with human rights, democracy, Tibet, Taiwan or any other issues in China, listen to Chinese people and see what they say (Hot topics). If you do not believe how the West, America and Japan have done to Chinese, go to Chinese history events (Chinese History - invasion), you can judge yourself.

Welcome to Chinese Business World, your comprehensive guide to doing business or having fun in China.

This site is dedicated to information on China, the country with a history of 5,000 years, a population of 1.3 billion people, an economy with $420 billion USD GDP and growing at 10% annually. Help yourself to all the information you want to do business with China, or just to know a little bit more about China, or to relax and entertain yourself with anything Chinese.

  • China Travel Guide - Key Facts
  • Location

    East Asia.

    Time

    GMT + 8. Despite the vast size of the country, Beijing time is standard throughout China.

    Area

    9,572,900 sq km (3,696,100 sq miles).

    Population

    1.3 billion (UN estimate 2006). Roughly a quarter of the world's population lives in China

    Population Density

    135.8 per sq km.

    Capital

    Beijing (Peking). Population: 15.2 million (2005), expected to reach 16 million by 2008. Chongqing is the largest urban area, with a population of more than 31 million. Shanghai has a population of over 18 million and, as of 2004, 11 other cities had a population of over 2 million and 23 cities had a population of 1 to 2 million.

    Geography

    China is bordered to the north by Russia and Mongolia; to the east by Korea (Dem Rep), the Yellow Sea and the South China Sea; to the south by Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, India, Bhutan and Nepal; and to the west by India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. China has a varied terrain ranging from high plateaux in the west to flatlands in the east; mountains take up almost one-third of the land. The most notable high mountain ranges are the Himalayas, the Altai Mountains, the Tian Shan Mountains and the Kunlun Mountains. On the border with Nepal is the 8,848m (29,198ft) Mount Qomolangma (Mount Everest). In the west is the Qinghai/Tibet Plateau, with an average elevation of 4,000m (13,200ft), known as ‘the Roof of the World'. At the base of the Tian Shan Mountains is the Turpan Depression or Basin, China's lowest area, 154m (508ft) below sea level at the lowest point. China has many great river systems, notably the Yellow (Huang He) and Yangtze River (Chang Jiang, also Yangtze Kiang). Only 10% of all China is suitable for agriculture.

    Government

    People's Republic. China comprises 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, two special administrative regions and four municipalities directly under central government.

    Head of State

    President Hu Jintao since 2003.

    Head of Government

    Premier Wen Jiabao since 2003.

    Recent History

    The National People's Congress (NPC) is the most powerful organ of state and elects all those with the principal executive functions - the president and vice-president of the People's Republic, the premier and vice-premier of the state council (after nomination by the president), other members of the state council and the heads of individual ministries. The state council reports to the NPC or, when the congress is not sitting, to its standing committee. The NPC is held every five years and attended by some 3,000 delegates drawn from the provincial administrations, the military and various state organs. The NPC membership and all major appointments are ultimately under the control of the Chinese Communist Party, whose 22-member politburo is effectively the country's governing body. Hu Jintao succeeded Jiang Zemin as head of the Communist Party in 2002. As president, he has made the fight against corruption a priority. However, he has rejected Western-style political reforms.

    Language

    The official language is Mandarin Chinese. Among the enormous number of local dialects, large groups speak Cantonese, Shanghaiese (also known as Shanghainese), Fuzhou, Hokkien-Taiwanese, Xiang, Gan and Hakka dialects in the south. Mongolia, Tibet and Xinjiang, which are autonomous regions, have their own languages. Translation and interpreter services are good. English is spoken by many guides and in hotels. Many taxi drivers do not speak English, even in big cities.

    Religion

    China is officially Atheistic, but the stated religions and philosophies are Buddhism, Daoism and Confucianism. There are 100 million Buddhists and approximately 60 million Muslims, 5 million Protestants (including large numbers of Evangelicals) and 4 million Roman Catholics, largely independent of Vatican control.

    Electricity

    220 volts AC, 50Hz. Two-pin sockets and some three-pin sockets are in use. However, most 4 to 5 star hotels are wired for the use of 110 volt appliances.

    Social Conventions

    Cultural differences may create misunderstandings between local people and visitors. The Chinese do not usually volunteer information and the visitor is advised to ask questions. Hotels, train dining cars and restaurants often ask for criticisms and suggestions, which are considered seriously. Do not be offended by being followed by crowds; this is merely an open interest in visitors who are rare in the remoter provinces. The Chinese are generally reserved in manner, courtesy rather than familiarity being preferred. 
    The full title of the country is ‘The People's Republic of China', and this should be used in all formal communications. ‘China' can be used informally, but there should never be any implication that another China exists. Although handshaking may be sufficient, a visitor will frequently be greeted by applause as a sign of welcome. The customary response is to applaud back. Anger, if felt, is expected to be concealed and arguments in public may attract hostile attention. 
    In China, the family name is always mentioned first. It is customary to arrive a little early if invited out socially. When dining, guests should wait until their seat is allocated and not begin eating until indicated to do so. If using chopsticks, do not position them upright in your rice bowl as the gesture symbolises death. Toasting at a meal is very common, as is the custom of taking a treat when visiting someone's home, such as fruit, confectionery or a souvenir from a home country. If it is the home of friends or relatives, money may be left for the children. 
    If visiting a school or a factory, a gift from the visitor's home country, particularly something which would be unavailable in China (a text book if visiting a school, for example), would be much appreciated. Stamps are also very popular as gifts, as stamp-collecting is a popular hobby in China. A good gift for an official guide is a Western reference book on China. 
    Conservative casual wear is generally acceptable everywhere and revealing clothes should be avoided since they may cause offence. Visitors should avoid expressing political or religious opinions. 
    Photography: Not allowed in airports. Places of historic and scenic interest may be photographed, but permission should be sought before photographing military installations, government buildings or other possibly sensitive subjects

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